Some opinions on deepening the reform and innovation of school ideological and political theory course in the new era Chairman: Zhang Bin Members: Wang Xianping, Huang Aijun, Zhang Zhenglun, Wei Hongxia Yue Hanjing, Zhou Ning, Zhang Zaolin, Zhang Xia

Date:2019-08-23        Views:170

In order to further implement Xi Jinping's socialist ideology with China's characteristics and the nineteen spirits of the party, we should implement the spirit of the important speech of general secretary Xi Jinping on education, especially what is important in the forum of teachers of Ideological and political theory in schools, fully implement the party's educational policy, and solve the fundamental problem of training people, cultivating people and cultivating people. We unremittingly use Xi Jinping's new socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics to cultivate the soul and educate China. Now we have the following opinions on deepening the reform and innovation of the new era ideological and Political Theory Course (hereinafter referred to as ideological and political course).


1、 Significance and general requirements

1. Significance. Education is the grand plan of the country and the party, and it undertakes the fundamental task of Building Morality and cultivating people. Ideological and political course is the key course to implement the basic task of moral education, and plays an irreplaceable role. Since the eighteen Party Congress, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has attached great importance to the construction of Ideological and political courses, made a series of major decisions and plans, and implemented effective measures in various regions and departments and schools at all levels. At the same time, we should also see that in the face of the new situation, new tasks and new challenges, some places and schools do not fully understand the importance of Ideological and political courses, the classroom teaching effect needs to be improved, the content of teaching materials is not fresh enough, there are shortcomings in the selection and training of teachers, the system and mechanism need to be improved, the evaluation and support system need to be improved, the integration of Ideological and political courses in primary and secondary schools needs to be deepened, and private schools need to be improved The construction of Ideological and political courses in schools and Chinese foreign cooperation schools is relatively weak, the synergistic effect of various courses and ideological and political courses needs to be enhanced, the joint efforts of schools, families and society to promote the construction of Ideological and political courses have not been fully formed, and the atmosphere of the whole party and the whole society to care about and support the construction of Ideological and political courses is not thick enough. To do a good job in Ideological and political education, we should put it in the context of the great changes in the world and the overall development of the cause of the party and the state, and treat it from the perspective of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, building a socialist modern powerful country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The construction of Ideological and political courses can only be strengthened and can not be weakened. It is necessary to strengthen the confidence of running ideological and political courses and improve the quality and level of Ideological and political courses in an all-round way.


2. Guiding ideology. China will fully implement the party's educational policy, adhere to the guiding position of Marx doctrine, implement the socialist ideology of China with Chinese characteristics in the new era, persist in the direction of socialist education, implement the fundamental tasks of moral education, uphold education for the people, serve the ruling political affairs of the Communist Party of China, serve the consolidation of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and reform, opening up and society. The service of socialist modernization construction, rooted in China's land education, combined with productive labor and social practice, will speed up the modernization of education, build a powerful country in education, run education well to the satisfaction of the people, strive to cultivate new people who are responsible for the great task of national rejuvenation, and train socialist builders and successors who develop in an all-round way morally, intellectually, physically and aesthetically.


3. Basic principles. First, adhere to the party's overall leadership in the construction of Ideological and political courses, and put strengthening and improving the construction of Ideological and political courses in a prominent position. Two, we should adhere to the ideological and political work and the party's innovation theory, and comprehensively push forward the Xi Jinping's new socialist ideology with China's characteristics into the teaching materials into the classroom, and integrate the socialist core values throughout the whole process of national education. Third, adhere to the unity of integrity and innovation, implement the requirements of Ideological and political reform and innovation in the new era, and constantly enhance the ideological, theoretical, affinity and pertinence of Ideological and political courses. Fourth, adhere to the political and value leading role of Ideological and political courses in the curriculum system, coordinate the integrated construction of Ideological and political courses in primary and secondary schools, and promote the construction of various courses and ideological and political courses to form a synergistic effect. Fifth, adhere to the cultivation of high-quality professional ideological and political course teachers, and actively build a platform for the growth and development of this team and create conditions. Sixthly, we should adhere to the combination of problem orientation and goal orientation, focus on promoting the connotation development of Ideological and political course construction, comprehensively improve the ideological and political theoretical literacy of students, and realize the unity of knowledge, emotion, meaning and action.

      

2、 Improve the teaching material system of Ideological and Political Course

4. Overall planning of Ideological and political course objectives. We will gradually and spirally set up ideological and political courses in primary and secondary schools, guide students to be virtuous and talented, establish correct world outlook, outlook on life and values, firmly believe in Marxism, firmly believe in socialism and communism, enhance confidence in the road, theory, system and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and cultivate patriotism Huai, we should consciously integrate patriotism, ambition of building a strong country and serving the country into the struggle to uphold and develop the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, build a modern socialist country and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. In the university stage, it is important to strengthen the responsibility of the mission, guide the students to follow the party's words and strive to be qualified builders and reliable successors of socialism. In the senior high school stage, it is important to improve the political literacy, guide the students to support the leadership of the party and the socialist system of our country, and form the political identity of being a socialist builder and successor. In junior high school, we should lay a solid ideological foundation, guide students to put the party, the motherland and the people in their hearts, and strengthen their ideological awareness of being socialist builders and successors. The primary school stage focuses on enlightening moral feelings, guiding students to form the feelings of loving the party, patriotism, socialism, the people and the collective, with the good wishes of being a socialist builder and successor.


5. Adjust and innovate the curriculum system of Ideological and political courses. We should strengthen the construction of Ideological and political curriculum group with Xi Jinping's new China's socialist ideology as the core. On the basis of maintaining the relative stability of the compulsory courses of Ideological and political courses, the curriculum system of compulsory courses plus elective courses is constructed in combination with the characteristics of each school section in primary and secondary schools. China's key Marx institutes have pioneered the comprehensive introduction of the Introduction to socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era by Xi Jinping. In the doctoral stage, Marxism and contemporary China, in the master stage, theoretical and practical research on socialism with Chinese characteristics, in the undergraduate stage, Introduction to basic principles of Marxism, Introduction to Mao Zedong Thought and theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, outline of modern Chinese history, Ideological and moral cultivation and legal basis, situation and politics are offered At the college stage, compulsory courses such as Introduction to Mao Zedong Thought and theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, Ideological and moral cultivation and legal basis, situation and policy are offered. Colleges and universities should focus on Xi Jinping's new socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics, history of the party, national history, reform and opening up, socialist history, constitutional law, and China's excellent traditional culture, and set up a series of selective compulsory courses. In the senior high school, a required course of ideology and politics is set up, and a selective compulsory course of ideology and politics is set up around the spirit of learning the latest important speech of general secretary Xi Jinping. The compulsory courses of morality and rule of law are offered in junior and primary schools, and the optional courses of Ideological and political education can be offered in combination with school-based courses and interest classes.

6. Promote the construction of Ideological and political courses as a whole. We must adhere to the new socialist ideology of socialism with Chinese characteristics and cultivate people through the spirit of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We should focus on political identification, family feelings, moral cultivation, rule of law awareness and cultural accomplishment. We should adhere to the principle of loving the party, patriotic, loving socialism, loving the people and loving collectives. We must adhere to the unity of patriotism and love of the party and love socialism, and systematically carry out Marx's theory education and systematically carry out China characteristic society. China's Xi Jinping The education of Chinese dream, socialist core values, rule of law, labor, mental health and Chinese excellent traditional culture. Follow the students' cognitive laws to design the course content, reflect the characteristics of different periods. The graduate stage focuses on the development of inquiry learning, the junior college stage focuses on the development of theoretical learning, the senior high school stage focuses on the development of common sense learning, the junior high school stage focuses on the development of experiential learning, the primary school stage focuses on the development of enlightenment learning.

7. Strengthen the construction of Ideological and political teaching material system. The state teaching materials committee shall make overall plans for the construction of Ideological and political teaching materials in primary and secondary schools, make scientific plans for the construction of teaching materials, and focus on improving the political, contemporary, scientific and readability of Ideological and political teaching materials. The textbooks for ideological and political courses in primary and secondary schools set up by the state are all compiled, reviewed and used by the state textbook Committee. The latest achievements of Sinicization of Marxism, the latest experience of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the latest research progress of Marxist theory are timely integrated into the textbooks. The teaching materials for the elective course of Ideological and political courses offered by local or school shall be examined and approved by local organizations. To study and compile the guiding principles for the new curriculum of socialism with Chinese characteristics in Xi Jinping's new curriculum, and to compile the textbook guide for the compilation of China's excellent traditional culture, revolutionary culture, advanced socialist culture, technological innovation culture and overall national security concept, and to compile the map of heroes and advanced models for the reform of ancient Chinese history and revolutionary construction. Organize the preparation of special teaching guides for ideological and political courses in Colleges and universities by courses, organize experts to prepare demonstration teaching plans for in-depth interpretation of teaching material system, implement the excellent lecture materials publishing project for ideological and political courses, list classic works of Marxism, theoretical works of Marxism in contemporary China, excellent books of traditional Chinese culture, and build an online teaching resource database for ideological and political courses.


2、 Improve the teaching material system of Ideological and Political Course

4. Overall planning of Ideological and political course objectives. We will gradually and spirally set up ideological and political courses in primary and secondary schools, guide students to be virtuous and talented, establish correct world outlook, outlook on life and values, firmly believe in Marxism, firmly believe in socialism and communism, enhance confidence in the road, theory, system and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and cultivate patriotism Huai, we should consciously integrate patriotism, ambition of building a strong country and serving the country into the struggle to uphold and develop the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, build a modern socialist country and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. In the university stage, it is important to strengthen the responsibility of the mission, guide the students to follow the party's words and strive to be qualified builders and reliable successors of socialism. In the senior high school stage, it is important to improve the political literacy, guide the students to support the leadership of the party and the socialist system of our country, and form the political identity of being a socialist builder and successor. In junior high school, we should lay a solid ideological foundation, guide students to put the party, the motherland and the people in their hearts, and strengthen their ideological awareness of being socialist builders and successors. The primary school stage focuses on enlightening moral feelings, guiding students to form the feelings of loving the party, patriotism, socialism, the people and the collective, with the good wishes of being a socialist builder and successor.


5. Adjust and innovate the curriculum system of Ideological and political courses. We should strengthen the construction of Ideological and political curriculum group with Xi Jinping's new China's socialist ideology as the core. On the basis of maintaining the relative stability of the compulsory courses of Ideological and political courses, the curriculum system of compulsory courses plus elective courses is constructed in combination with the characteristics of each school section in primary and secondary schools. China's key Marx institutes have pioneered the comprehensive introduction of the Introduction to socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era by Xi Jinping. In the doctoral stage, Marxism and contemporary China, in the master stage, theoretical and practical research on socialism with Chinese characteristics, in the undergraduate stage, Introduction to basic principles of Marxism, Introduction to Mao Zedong Thought and theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, outline of modern Chinese history, Ideological and moral cultivation and legal basis, situation and politics are offered At the college stage, compulsory courses such as Introduction to Mao Zedong Thought and theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, Ideological and moral cultivation and legal basis, situation and policy are offered. Colleges and universities should focus on Xi Jinping's new socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics, history of the party, national history, reform and opening up, socialist history, constitutional law, and China's excellent traditional culture, and set up a series of selective compulsory courses. In the senior high school, a required course of ideology and politics is set up, and a selective compulsory course of ideology and politics is set up around the spirit of learning the latest important speech of general secretary Xi Jinping. The compulsory courses of morality and rule of law are offered in junior and primary schools, and the optional courses of Ideological and political education can be offered in combination with school-based courses and interest classes.


6. Promote the construction of Ideological and political courses as a whole. We must adhere to the new socialist ideology of socialism with Chinese characteristics and cultivate people through the spirit of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We should focus on political identification, family feelings, moral cultivation, rule of law awareness and cultural accomplishment. We should adhere to the principle of loving the party, patriotic, loving socialism, loving the people and loving collectives. We must adhere to the unity of patriotism and love of the party and love socialism, and systematically carry out Marx's theory education and systematically carry out China characteristic society. China's Xi Jinping The education of Chinese dream, socialist core values, rule of law, labor, mental health and Chinese excellent traditional culture. Follow the students' cognitive laws to design the course content, reflect the characteristics of different periods. The graduate stage focuses on the development of inquiry learning, the junior college stage focuses on the development of theoretical learning, the senior high school stage focuses on the development of common sense learning, the junior high school stage focuses on the development of experiential learning, the primary school stage focuses on the development of enlightenment learning.


7. Strengthen the construction of Ideological and political teaching material system. The state teaching materials committee shall make overall plans for the construction of Ideological and political teaching materials in primary and secondary schools, make scientific plans for the construction of teaching materials, and focus on improving the political, contemporary, scientific and readability of Ideological and political teaching materials. The textbooks for ideological and political courses in primary and secondary schools set up by the state are all compiled, reviewed and used by the state textbook Committee. The latest achievements of Sinicization of Marxism, the latest experience of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the latest research progress of Marxist theory are timely integrated into the textbooks. The teaching materials for the elective course of Ideological and political courses offered by local or school shall be examined and approved by local organizations. To study and compile the guiding principles for the new curriculum of socialism with Chinese characteristics in Xi Jinping's new curriculum, and to compile the textbook guide for the compilation of China's excellent traditional culture, revolutionary culture, advanced socialist culture, technological innovation culture and overall national security concept, and to compile the map of heroes and advanced models for the reform of ancient Chinese history and revolutionary construction. Organize the preparation of special teaching guides for ideological and political courses in Colleges and universities by courses, organize experts to prepare demonstration teaching plans for in-depth interpretation of teaching material system, implement the excellent lecture materials publishing project for ideological and political courses, list classic works of Marxism, theoretical works of Marxism in contemporary China, excellent books of traditional Chinese culture, and build an online teaching resource database for ideological and political courses.

    

5、 Strengthening the party's leadership in the construction of Ideological and Political Courses

18. Strictly implement the main responsibility of Ideological and political course construction of local Party committees. Local Party committees at all levels should put the construction of Ideological and political courses on the important agenda as a landmark project of the party's construction and ideological work. The Standing Committee of the Party committee should hold at least one special session every year to study the construction of Ideological and political courses, grasp the prominent problems restricting the construction of Ideological and political courses, and take effective measures in the work pattern, team construction, support and guarantee. Establish and improve the system of leading group members of provincial (autonomous region, municipality directly under the central government) Party committees to contact colleges and universities and teach ideological and political courses, especially the course system of situation and policy. The main comrades in charge of Party committees and governments of all provinces (autonomous region, municipality directly under the central government) shall teach at least one course in combination with study and work every semester. All localities should include private schools and Chinese foreign cooperative colleges and universities in the overall layout of Ideological and political course construction. The construction of Ideological and political courses shall be included in the assessment and political inspection of leading groups of Party committees at all levels.

19. Promote the establishment of the ideological and political course mechanism led by the Secretary of the Party committee and the president of the University. Strengthen and improve the work of leading cadres in Colleges and universities to contact students at the grass-roots level, promote the work of leading cadres in Colleges and universities to concurrently serve as head teachers, etc., establish and improve the institutional arrangements for the Secretary of the Party committee, the president and the functional departments of colleges and universities to deeply understand the ideological trends of students and serve the development of students. As the first person in charge of Ideological and political course construction, the Secretary of the Party committee and the president of colleges and universities should take the lead to enter the classroom to listen to lectures, take the lead to promote the construction of Ideological and political course, and take the lead to contact the teachers of Ideological and political course in combination with their own discipline background and work experience. The Standing Committee of the Party committee of colleges and universities shall hold at least one meeting each semester to study the construction of Ideological and political courses. The Secretary and President of the Party committee of colleges and universities shall teach students at least four hours of Ideological and political courses each semester. Other members of the leading group of Colleges and universities shall teach students at least two hours of Ideological and political courses each semester, which can focus on the situation and policy courses. The opening ceremony and graduation address should clearly reflect the party's education policy, actively spread Marxist scientific theory, and carry forward socialist core values. The construction of Ideological and political courses should be included in the assessment of the party's construction work, the quality of school running and the evaluation standard system of discipline construction.


20. Actively expand the construction pattern of Ideological and political courses. The leading group of the central education work should include the construction of Ideological and political courses in the important agenda, the Ministry of education, the Central Propaganda Department and other departments should take the lead in the construction of Ideological and political courses, and the Political Work Department of the Central Military Commission should guide the construction of Ideological and political courses in military colleges and universities. The Ministry of education has set up a steering committee for the integrated construction of Ideological and political courses in primary and secondary schools to strengthen the classified guidance for the construction of different types of Ideological and political courses. Relevant departments and localities should ensure the allocation of management personnel for ideological and political courses, and ensure that there are people who are responsible for the work. Strengthen the baton function of the entrance examination, college entrance examination and graduate enrollment examination for students to learn the ideological and political course, take the learning practice of Ideological and political course as an important content into the comprehensive quality evaluation system, explore and record it in their own files, as an important standard for students' award and evaluation, as an important reference for joining the young pioneers of China, the Communist Youth League of China and the Communist Party of China. We should open the door for ideological and political courses, promote the combination of practical teaching of Ideological and political courses with students' social practice activities and voluntary service activities, and the combination of small ideological and political classes with large social classes. We should encourage party and government organs, enterprises and institutions to connect with colleges and Universities nearby, establish a practical teaching base for ideological and political courses, and improve the practical teaching mechanism of Ideological and political courses. Formulate opinions on speeding up the construction of Ideological and political work system in Colleges and universities, and pool the efforts of running ideological and political courses well. We will increase positive publicity and public opinion guidance, and promote the formation of a good atmosphere in which the whole Party and the whole society strive to run ideological and political courses well, in which teachers earnestly teach ideological and political courses well, and students actively learn them well.

(issued by the general office of the CPC Central Committee and the general office of the State Council in August 2019)